What documents should a driver carry when driving?
• Driving license / Registration certificate
• Taxation Certificate
• Emission Test Certificate
• Insurance Certificate
• Fitness Certificate & Permit (incase of transport vehicles)
Who is authorized to collect the traffic fine on
Any traffic Branch officer of and above the rank of Assistant Sub-Inspector
of Police is duly authorized with a receipt book.
What is the rule regarding seat belts? Is it binding
using seat belts while driving in interior areas or bylanes?
The driver and the person seated in the front seat must wear the seat
belts while vehicle is in motion ( U/S 138 CMVR r/w 177 MVA).
What is the rule for use of mobile phone?
As per section 250 (A) MMVR, r/w 177 M.V.Act, no driver while driving
or riding a motor vehicle (including two wheelers) shall use a mobile
Can other occupants of the motor vehicle use the mobile phone?
Yes. Other than driver, occupants of the motor vehicle can use mobile
If I am a doctor; can I use my mobile phone in an emergency while driving?
No. Exemption is not given to any one in the M.V Act or Rules regarding
this. You can stop the vehicle and then take the call.
What are the duties of a driver when his vehicle is involved in an accident
resulting in death/bodily injury/damage to property?
The duties are as under:
• Arrange for medical help Inform the police
• In case the vehicle is carrying dangerous goods, keep everyone
away, avoid smoking in the vicinity and take emergency action as displayed
on the vehicle.
Under what conditions is the towing of a vehicle
Vehicle abandoned or left unattended or Parked in a parking restricted
zone or Parked in a way causing inconvenience to other road user can be
What is the punishment for drunken driving/driving under the influence
of any drug?
If a driver is caught driving a vehicle with alcohol in his blood exceeding
30 mg per 100 ml or he is under the influence of a drug to such an extent
that he is incapable of exercising proper control over the vehicle, the
following will be the punishments.
First Offence: Imprisonment up to 6 months or fine up to Rs 2,000 or
Subsequent Offence: Imprisonment up to 2 years or fine up to Rs 3,000
When can the authorities detain a vehicle?
Authorities can detain a vehicle in the following circumstances:
• Vehicle being driven by an individual without valid driving license
• Vehicle being driven without registration
• Transport vehicle being driven without Permit
• Vehicle being driven without payment of Tax
What are the consequences for driving without a
You will be fined Rs.300/-
Is wearing helmet compulsory for Scooter and Motorcycle
Yes. Wearing helmet is compulsory. Violators will be charged U/sec.177
of M.V.Act-1988 for which fine is Rs.100/-
What are consequences of driving under the influence
If you are caught driving under the influence of liquor you will be issued
a police notice for for the appearance in the Court. There is no provision
of paying the fine on the spot. Moreover, you will not be allowed to continue
to driving unless you have a partner who is not under the the influence
of liquor and has a valid driving licence.
You will be advised to hire a cab leaving the vehicle in the police station
under acknowledgement till you apear in the court and pay the fine. Your
driving licence will also be kept with the police till the disposal of
You are reminded that on repeat offence of driving under the influence
of liquor, there is a provision for enhanced penalty and imprisonment.
If you commit a fatal accident under the influence of liquor you could
be booked under culpable homicide not amounting to murder which is a non-bailable
What is the spot fine for drunken driving?
There is no spot fine for drunken driving. In each of the drunken driving
case, police notice is issued asking the person to appear before the court.
Only court is empowered to impose the fine.
What happens if I don’t appear in the court?
If you fail to appear in court, warrant will be issued from the court.
This may lead to arrest and stiffer penalty.
What is the punishment for drunken driving?
In the first instance there can be penalty up to Rs.3000/- which may extend
to imprisonment in subsequent offence.
After being booked for drunken driving can I continue
to drive myself?
No. you will have to arrange for an alternate driver who is not drunk
or take a cab leaving the vehicle in the police station which will be
released after you have settled the case in the court.
What about pollution check?
It is mandatory to carry emission certificate. However, police have been
instructed not to stop any motorists for merely checking emission certificate.
Can police penalize vehicles with number plate
of other State?
No. police is not authorized to penalize anyone for Out Station number
plates. This is not the mandate for police.
My vehicle got damaged in an accident. Police did
not help me in getting compensation!
Insurance company and not the police can get you the damages. Police will
only prosecute the accused for criminal negligence in the court of law.
I crossed the stop line seeing green signal.
But traffic in front of me was not moving and I got penalized.
Even if signal is green you should not enter the junction unless the tail
of the traffic in front of you is moving. Otherwise you will create gridlock
and block cross traffic too.
I crossed stop line before the signal turning
red, while it was still yellow. But I could not clear the junction due
to congestion ahead. Why was I fined for signal jumping?
Yellow signal is provided only for those vehicles which have already crossed
stop line to clear the junction. You are not expected to enter the junction
when the green light has already changed to yellow.
Why are junctions painted cris-cross in the center?
Cris-Cross marking indicates “no standing”. Unless one is
sure of clearing the junction, he should not enter the junction even if
the signal light is green, because it will block the cross traffic and
lead to grid-lock.
I don’t see speed limit boards in the city?
As per notification, speed limit in entire city corporation limit is 50
kmph for LMV and 40 kmph for HMV. It is not possible to put boards on
all the roads in city. Only where we have lower permissible speed like
flyovers/narrow stretches / bends or higher permissible limits these boards
are put. This is the practice world over.
I got fined for parking violation. But board was
at least 20 m away from where I parked?
It is not possible to put one board for each vehicle. “No parking”
is notified by gazette notifications and then boards are erected. Each
board indicates that roughly 50 m each side of boards is no-parking area.
That is why boards are put 100 m apart.
Why do traffic police switch off the lights during
Actually it is not a good practice but is in-evitable due to inadequate
capacity of junctions. There are the situation when road is not able to
take the entire volume of traffic and tail of traffic ahead does not get
cleared even till next green phase. Now if the lights are not switched
off, vehicles will block the junction and make it impossible for even
cross traffic to move thus creating a grid-lock. It is lose-lose situation
for all. At this juncture policemen take over the signal and regulate
it according to clearance and relative volume. However, this practice
is largely reduced and will disappear soon due to increased capacity of
roads and junctions. Switching off also becomes inevitable during acts
of nature like water logging, cracks in road and man-made situations like
strikes, rasta-rokho and VIP movement, when one or more roads become unavailable
for traffic. In all such situations mannual operations are resorted to.
This practice is, however not encouraged.
Among traffic officers, who is authorized to give
a spot fine notice?
Traffic officers of and above the rank of assistant sub-inspector are
authorised to give away traffic violation challans or notices, which are
for spot fines. Officers of the rank of ASI (one-star), sub-inspector
(two-star), inspector (three-star) are authorised to collect spot fines.
The motorist may lodge a complaint if any officer below the rank of ASI
collects money from him.
I don't want to pay spot fine. What is the other
If a violation refuses or does not want to pay a spot fine, he would be
required to surrender his original driving licence - for which the officer
concerned would give an acknowledgement. He can walk into the police station
within a week pay the fine and get the DL back or the case will go to
court, and the offender will have to go by the decision taken by it. In
the absence of an original driving licence, the person will have to leave
the vehicle with the police. If the motorist fails to appear in court,
a warrant will be issued and he will have to face arrest or stiffer penalties.
When can a motorist be charged with drunk driving?
What is the procedure for paying the fine?
A motorist caught driving under the influence of liquor beyond permissible
limit is liable to be charged with the offence of drunken driving. Legal
permissible limit is 30mg of alcohol per 100ml of blood. Traffic police
uses state of art alco-meters (breath analyzers) accepted worldwide to
measure the level of alcohol in blood. This is scientifically and legally
accepted method all over the world. Our instruments are calibrated once
in three months with a probable error of +(-) 5%. Therefore, we do not
panelize anyone below 40mg per 100ml of blood even though legal limit
is only 30. Anyone driving with alcohol level below a reading of 40 is
not, repeat not, liable for prosecution.
However, there is no spot there are no spot for drunk driving. No police
officer is allowed to collect spot fines for this offence. The person
will be given a notice, will be sent to the court and the offender will
have to pay a fine there. The punishment for drunk driving is six month’s
imprisonment or payment of a fine up to Rs.2,000/- or both. If the offender
is caught committing the offence a second time, he will have to face imprisonment
of two years or a fine up to Rs.3,000 or both. After being issued a notice,
the motorist will not be allowed to drive. He will have to leave his vehicle
behind and take a cab home or call a friend or relative to drive him home.
In case he wants to take the vehicle using the another person who is not
drunk but is free to do so after leaving his original driving license
and RC book under acknowledgement with the police officer. Very often,
motorists try to avoid legal proceedings by bribing the police officers
concerned. However, the best thing to do in such circumstances is to follow
the proper procedures and not resort to corruption. Moreover, if a person
continues to drive under the influence of alcohol and gets involved in
a fatal accident, he will be booked for culpable homicide – which
is a non-bailable offence.
How do I know how much can I drink to remain within
There is no hard and fast rule as it depends on the body constitution,
gender, whether; liquor is taken on empty stomach or with the food or
the duration over which liquor the consumed. Generally one bottle of beer
/ 30ml Whisky / Rum will keep the person below the permissible limit of
30 units. However, our metabolison burns about 10 units in an hour. And
therefore, larger quantity consumed over longer duration will still keep
the person within permissible limits. However, these measures are indicative
Can motorists use mobile phones while driving?
Motorists cannot use mobile phones while driving vehicles, and that includes
two-wheelers. There are no exceptions to this rule, not even doctors.
If it's an emergency, the driver can park the vehicle on the side of the
road and take the call.
When people are involved in an accident, or are
witness to one, what should they do?
If a motorist has caused the accident, he should arrange for medical aid
and inform the police immediately. If a person is witness to an accident,
he should help the victim and note down the details of the accused person
before informing the police. Witnesses should not torch vehicles or indulge
in anti-social activities. The public should be pro-active, not destructive.
Q. Does traffic police has any targets for collection
A. Ideally our target for fine collection should be zero since ultimate
objective is to see that no one violates the traffic rules. We are neither
a revenue earning department nor the amount collected has any correlation
to departmental budget. Fine collected goes to the general revenue of
the government. The fact that strict enforcement resulted in in a big
amount is not a matter of pride for the department but the matter of shame
and concern for all of us. We will be happy with fine collection going
down if people were to follow rules. Unfortunately traffic violations
are rampant especially when police men are not present.
Q. Why do policemen catch the people jumping the
signal? Why can’t they stand on the junction so that no one jumps
the signal ?
A. All over the world when one installs signals policemen are removed
totally as people follow the signals themselves even at mid night. The
scenario in our society is quite opposite. Red means stop, if the policeman
is there; red means nothing if policeman is not there. This is a sad reflection
on our value system. Ideally, we would like to remove these police-men
from the signalized junctions and re-deploy them in the residential areas
which are totally neglected. However, in the absence of self regulation
this appears to be the distant dream. Traffic police catches people because
they jump signals. Motorists should follow rules irrespective of presence
and absence of police men. In the absence of sustainable attitudinal change,
enforcement is the only deterrence against indiscipline on roads.
Q. Why do traffic police catch vehicles for over
speeding even when road is good and empty? Why do they put a speed limit?
A. Roads are not only for motorists but for all other road users including
pedestrians who have to co-exist. Empty road is not a license to speed
without limit because driver can not always anticipate sudden entry of
some other road users. Roads are designed for a particular speed from
safety point of view. Driving responsibly is an essential part of defensive
driving which should take into account mistakes likely to be committed
by other road users. Most of our roads pass through residential and commercial
areas where sudden intrusions can not be ruled out. Speed limits are essential
for defensive driving.
Q. Why do we need signals ?
To avoid chaos and gridlocks, we need to regulate traffic. Rotaries are
space sharing devices where traffic from each direction merges, goes around
the circle and weaves out. However, rotaries cannot function when PCU
(a measure of vehicle density) exceeds 5000. Also rotaries require better
discipline and awareness of rules regarding right of way on the part of
Beyond 5000 PCU we require signals which are time sharing devices; allowing
one stream of traffic at a time to avoid any merging, weaving and conflict.
However, beyond 10,000 PCU, even signals become unmanageable due to abnormal
increase in cycle time. We can still continue up to 12000 PCU by restricting
few turning movements. Beyond 12000 PCU a grade separator is compulsorily
required. Grade separators share space vertically and are the best solution
for handling a junction with high PCU.
Signals are essential part of traffic management in any city. It is neither
feasible nor desirable to make grade separator at each junction. Essentially
signals bring discipline. Moreover for the pedestrians these are the safest
places for crossing the roads.
Q. Why does police make one-ways?
A. One ways are made to overcome limited width (carriage way) of the road
and to avoid frequent hold ups for right turn. For two way, every time
traffic has to turn right, there arises a need for junction signalized
or otherwise. For every right turning traffic has to stop traffic from
opposite direction. By making one way, not only width problem is eliminated
but also traffic can turn left and right without stopping. As a result,
traffic continues to move without stopping.
Q. Why can’t we have signal free ride in
A. Non-stop movement of traffic can only take place by providing grade
separators. It may not be feasibly, practical or even advisable to have
grade separator at every junction due to constraints of money and space.
Hence, signals are inevitable. Moreover, for pedestrians signals are the
only places for crossing the roads safety. All the cities in the world
manage traffic using signals. Signaling system, however, can be made more
efficient and logical.